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‘Peeling’ the potato: the nutritional value of potatoes

Posted on 31/08/2015

Let’s peel back the truth about the nutritional value of potatoes: it’s time to break down some misconceptions about this product. The potato is healthy! This comes as a surprise for many people. Did you know 80% of a potato consists of water? It also contains of minerals, fibers and vitamins such as vitamin B complex and a high level of vitamin C. It is an ideal food for a healthy lifestyle. Aviko has over 50 years of knowledge and experience in the potato industry. We’d like to show you why potatoes are a healthy food choice for your guests and customers.

Nutritional value of the potato

There are many misconceptions in society concerning the nutritional value of potato. The potato is an ancient plant with unique characteristics, and is rich in nutrients. It contains vitamin B complex (folate and minerals such as potassium, magnesium and iron) and a large amount of vitamin C (45% of the daily value), which is comparable with the same values as most types of fruit. The potato is very nutritious, is fat-free and has half the calories of rice and pasta.

History of the potato

Let's begin with a little history lesson about the potato. The potato is a world  famous plant with the largest number of cultivated activities. All the cultivated types belong to the 'solanumtuberosum'. The potato originates from the Andes, where it has been grown for thousands of years. Excavations have revealed that the potato already existed 13.000 years ago in parts of South America, including Chile, and 8.000 years ago in Peru as well. They were given all kinds of nicknames, such as 'Kuntur Warmi' which means: 'like a woman with the colour of the condor'. Or Quwi sullu: 'an unborn guinea pig'.

Five surprising facts about the potato

The five following facts about potatoes may surprise you:

  • Potatoes are a vegetable: the potato counts toward the total recommended servings of vegetables.
  • Only 20% of the potato's nutrition is found in the skin: with vegetables, people often think that all vitamins are in the skin. The largest concentration of vitamin C and potassium are found insidethepotato.
  • Potatoes are a complex carbohydrate: the majority of these complex carbohydrates in a potato are the body's main energy source. In other words: potatoes provide the body with an essential source of fuel and energy.
  • Potatoes contain antioxidants: the potato is an antioxidant powerhouse. Antioxidants are believed to help prevent and repair oxidative stress. Also, sweet potatoes contain a wealth of orange-hued carotenoid pigments. Furthermore, researchers at the Institute for Food Research in Norwich have found blood-pressure lowering molecules in potatoes called kukoamines.
  • The potato is the most suitable plant to continue feeding the growing world population: because the potato yields have more nutritional value per hectare and requires less water than corn or rice.

Don't pass on the potato

Aviko has over 50 years of experience in the potato industry. As one of the leading potato suppliers in the world, we have an extensive range of potato products to suit every market. We offer you as a professional chef more convenience without compromising on taste and quality. Are you interested in our potato products or looking for more information? Contact us with any questions you might have.

About the potato


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